Jerusalem, one the worlds oldest and holiest cities, was in December 1949 proclaimed by the ensconce of Israel to be its capital. The city plays a central role in the spiritual and emotional perspective of the three major monotheistic religions. For Jews throughout the world, Jerusalem is the focus of age-old yearnings, a living proof of ancient grandeur and independence and a seat of national renaissance; for Christians, it is the scene of their Saviours agony; for Muslims, it is the goal of the blowy Muhammads mystic night journey and the site of Islams most painful shrines. For all three faiths it is a center of pilgrimage- the Holy City, the mundane prototype of the heavenly Jerusalem. To the east, Jerusalem looks down on the utterly Sea and across the Jordan River to the arid mountains of Jordan; to the west, it faces the coastal barren and the Mediterranean Sea, about 58 kilometers away. The main north-south pathway bisects the city in its course along the water shed between the coastal quetch and the Great Rift Valley of the Jordan River and links Nabulus to the north of Bethlehem, Hebron, and Beersheba to the south. The west-east pathway from Tel-Aviv crosses the Jordan north of the Dead Sea. A newer transversal road leads westward from Jerusalem, eventually converging on the Ben-Gurion Airport at Lod.
assembly on the watershed between the relatively rainy Hills of Judaea and the change Jurdaean desert, Jerusalem has both Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian vegetation. The various red and brown Mediterranean soil, formed by the different types of limestone chalk top the hills, support as many as 1000 plant s! pecies. The earliest traces of human settlement in the city area, get together on a hill to the southeast, are from the late Chalcolithic end and Early Bronze Age (3000 BC). If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: BestEssayCheap.com
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